Highway Department Responsibilities
- Build and maintain 70 miles of dirt road and 30 miles of paved road
- Maintain town properties
- Repair and maintenance of all town equipment
- Provide support to: Transfer Station, Cemeteries, Emergency Management, and Water & Sewer Department
- Road plowing, sanding, salting, and drainage work
- Plowing of parking lots and sidewalks
- Repair of storm damage to trees and roads
Care of Paved Roads
- Patching of paved roads
- Regrinding and repaving of all paved roads
- Stripping of paved roads
Care of Dirt Roads
- Ditching, culvert cleaning and replacement, road-side tree cutting
- Grading and raking of gravel roads
Maintaining Road Materials
- Crushing stone and concrete for road material
- Screening sand for winter sand
Dirt Road Reconstruction
Beginning in 2012, the Town will annually invest money in rebuilding the bases of dirt road. The worst drainage areas of our dirt roads are being targeted for rebuilding. Funding only allows for rebuilding of a small part of the worst sections each year. The key is to continue this process each year over the next twenty years.
The process will remove the existing road by a depth of from 2 to 4 feet. The next step will be to assure that the ditches have adequate depth and will drain water away from the road. The Department will put in a drainage layer of stone above a membrane to keep the upper driving layers dryer. Those drive layers of gravel are the final step. The goal is to redo between a half mile and a mile of dirt road a year. The Town has 70 miles of dirt road with about a third needing major repair.
In January 2017, Bayne resigned from his position for medical reasons.
We will miss him, wish him the best!
Highway Department Mechanic
In November of 2012, Canaan welcomed Bayne Stone of Hill View Drive in Canaan as the Town's newest mechanic. Bayne served on the Canaan Fire Department for many years, was in the Coast Guard for 7 years and currently serves in the US Army reserve. He was trained in heavy equipment operations and repair. Prior to coming to work for the town, Bayne was employed by Irving, Patriot Fuel, Evans Motor Fuels and Mid State Auto.
Bayne is trained in the use of of computer diagnostics, and equipment was purchased at the time of his hiring to increase the cost savings and efficiency for the Highway Department. In addition, tire balancing equipment was also purchased, reducing the costs of subcontracting these jobs out.
Other Cost Saving Projects
In 2014, Bayne restored a 1986 Military Surplus Vehicle that had been used extensively over the years by the town as a plow vehicle, a tow vehicle for the road rake, an emergency response vehicle, a tree cutting crew response vehicle, and for other similar uses. Unfortunately, the Blazer had fallen into disrepair, and purchasing even a used vehicle of similar style would cost at least $15,000. The town could not afford this. At significant savings, Bayne removed and replaced the rusted equipment including the battery rack, fenders, wheelwells, and tailgate, and provided a new paint job. This should enable the Blazer to service the town for many more years.
The major road project for 2016 has been Talbert Hill road reconstruction.
The normal work of cleaning culverts, ditching, replacing culverts on West Farms Road, grading and applying calcium for dust control was undertaken.
In addition, the abutment for the North Lary Road bridge was repaired where it was being undermined by storm water run-off.
Other community projects were undertaken as well. Bleachers donated by the Canaan MotorClub were transported to the football field at Mascoma Regional High School.
The new Elliott Field received finish work and a sand pad for a trailer for a needy resident was created.
The Autoware property was demolished for a new community parking lot.
A water main under Indian River broke and was repaired by the Highway Department.
A new (used) roadside mower was purchased in July and after it is restored at a cost of about double our usual annual rental cost. This will allow us to increase the amount of roadside mowing we will do in future years and save us money . We are hopeful that this year’s mowing will still be done before the end of fall. The delay is due to fixing the new (old) mower. And, as always, winter sand screening and gravel crushing was also completed.
The Highway Department has spent much of the summer working on reconstructing about a half mile of Codfish Hill Road at the Turnpike Road end. In 2014 the pavement that had become impossible to patch was ground up. This year, a whole new drainage system was put in place. In past years, the continuous run-off from storms down the half mile long hill has been bad for the road, and in the winter it has created a lot of ice as the water repeatedly crossed the road.
The new construction has created at least 8 new detention pits to capture the run-off from the road and let the storm water sink safely into the soil. At least five new catch basins have also been installed as has many new culverts and nearly a third of a mile of new ditching with stone rip rap.
Installation of paving, shoulders, and paved swales
in October completed the Codfish Hill project.
The other major paving project in 2015 was the completion of paving on Goose Pond Road. All of the worst sections between Route 4 and the Dam have been paved. Talbert Hill will be paved in 2016.
The Canaan Highway Department started work on relocating Elliott Field in October. A large new parking lot was created to serve the new field off of Canaan Street. The ball field will be just over the brook at the end of the parking lot. You can see the area through the trees that has been plowed up in preparation for installing the field in the Spring.
The field will have lights, dugouts, and a scoring booth installed in the Spring as well. The money to move the lights was donated by Tillman Gerngross who purchased Canaan Speedway.
Views looking from the field to the school, and from the school to the field.
Road and Bridge Improvements
A little over a mile of Goose Pond Road was paved this fall, and a state brige replacement occurred near the dam.
When the new bridge is completed that area will also be paved.
The concrete beams for the Goose Pond Bridge were set on October 22.
In conjunction with the Goose Pond Paving and Bridge, a reclaimation project on Codfish Hill Road and Talbert Hill Road was also begun. The left hand lane of the next photo shows how bad the asphalt had become on Codfish Hill Road. The pavement was cracked beyond repair.
A large grinder is used to grind off the old asphalt and reset the material as ground asphalt base.
Additional ground asphalt is added to the material to shape the road and build it up.
The final road is compacted for a tight base.
The final paving will be completed in 2015.
The Canaan Highway Department had three major construction projects that were part of the Highway Department and two that were part of other Departments in 2013.
The crew worked extensively on Talbert Hill and Grafton Turnpike Road to prepare ditches for grading projects and then complete the grading projects. The shoulders were also dressed after the grading to keep the paved edges from breaking down.
A major dirt road rebuilding effort was completed on Fernwood Farms Road. New ditching, road base, filter fabric and surface gravel was installed over nearly three quarters of a mile of Fernwood Farms Road. Currently, the crew are working to install stone drainage in the ditches and reshape shoulders to reduce ditch depth.
The Highway crew contracted out two weeks of service to the water system for the replacement of water lines on Highland Street and Follansbee Road. These two lines have had decades of poor water quality due to the old lines and the lack of blow out hydrants to keep the lines clean. The cost of the crew and equipment was reimbursed by the Water Department to the Highway Department.
As part of the sale of Canaan Speedway, the buyer and the seller agreed to give the Elliott Field equipment to the Town for relocation to public property behind the Canaan Elementary School. The buyer paid to reinstall the field lights and power and part of the fence installation but the Town had to remove all of the equipment and buildings. They were removed for the winter to the gravel pit and will be installed at the Elementary School in the spring. This project took about two weeks to complete.
Highway also completed normal grading, culvert work, tree clearing and general maintenance. The later part of the season was handicapped by four trucks having significant mechanical breakdowns. Fortunately, the efforts of Bayne Stone returned all equipment to service.
Monument & Park Restructuring
Completed! The monument in the Village was moved in time for Memorial Day 2012.
The change connected the Veterans' Monument to the Village Common. The move was approved by the voters in 2010, and the effort to complete it was a joint project of the Canaan's Weld-Webster American Legion Post 55, VFW Post 9552 of West Lebanon, the Friends of Canaan Village and numerous local contributors.
The Highway Department removed the old road, reseeded the area reclaimed, prepared the monument and walkway base and moved the monument. In its new position the roster of people who have served is more easily visible for all..
Back Bay Bridge
By the end of September, the Back Bay bridge was completed, the road paved, and the guard rails installed. This project was significantly less expensive by having the majority of the work completed by the Highway Department. The precast concrete culvert sections (shown in the picture) reduced construction time and engineering expense.
Highway Department Salt Shed
The Town Highway Department salt shed has been completed in the Town's gravel pit. The new facility is made up of two large fabric structures that protect our winter sand and salt from snow and freezing water. The shed on right is used to store all of our winter sand which you can see in one of the photos taken from the back. That sand pile is well over 20 feet deep inside of the shed. The shed on the right is used to store salt and will be used as a protected space to mix the dry sand and salt together before applying the mix on the roads. This process should reduce the amount of salt used and keep the sand from freezing into large clumps that will not pass through the spreaders. The shed will also reduce water pollution from rain running off the salt pile and bring us into compliance with state and federal law. The total cost of this project was more than $120,000 with the major share coming from FEMA repayments for repairs after Hurricane Irene.
The cost of paving doubled over the past two years. As a result, additional money will need to be dedicated to paving next year and we will only be able to repave a half mile this year. The stretch that is to be repaved this year is half of the Turnpike Road that was reclaimed (asphalt ground to redo the broken pavement) two years ago. A half mile of new paving in that location will cost $92,000. Additional money will be spent to pave the area related to the new Back Bay culvert.
Dirt Road Maintenance
Traditional dirt road work will continue. Ditches will be improved, culverts will be replaced, signs repaired and replaced, trees will be cut back to allow sun to dry out the roads, roadsides will be mowed, roads will be graded, and dust control will be applied.
Relocation of Canaan Street and Roberts Intersection
Roberts Road Repaving
Repair of Damage Caused by Hurricane Irene
Back Bay Bridge
Jerusalem Road: Reconstruction of Gravel Base Material Pilot Project
Ibey Road: Widening and clearing
Rapid Infiltration Beds at Sewer Plant
Rebuilding of Transfer Station
North Lary Road Bridge Replacement
Future Road Reconstruction and Paving
- Talberts Hill Road
- Codfish Hill Rebuild & Drain
- Turnpike Road
- Worst sections of Goose Pond
- Jerusalem Road
- Fernwood Farms
- Turnpike Road
- West Farms Road
- Jerusalem Road
- Clark Hill Road
- Prospect Hill Road
2008-2010 Road ReconstructionPaving
- 2008: 1.8 Miles
- 2009: 2 Miles
- 2010: 1.8 Miles
Paved Road Reconstruction
- Apple Blossom: 1/2 Mile
- Grafton Turnpike: 1 Mile
Gravel Road Reconstruction
- Ibey Road
- South Road
- Jerusalem Road
- Fernwood Farms Road
The Town of Canaan has 12 bridges that are large enough that they are inspected by the State every year and receive an assessment of their quality. There is a red list that is created by the state that lists bridges which have a structural issue that needs to be addressed but which usually does not prohibit the use of the bridge. On these bridges, the state provides funding of 80% of the cost of the repairs or replacement, although the waiting list is currently over 10 years. We have two bridges on the red list.
There is a set of culverts on Goose Pond Road just below the dam that are rusting out. The total replacement cost for these very large culverts is about $500,000 including engineering. The Town is planning on replacing these culverts in 2014 and the state funding is available as is the local match.
The second red list bridge is the first bridge that one crosses as you enter Grist Mill Hill Road from Route 4. The issue on this bridge is that the concrete decking is leaking water that is allowing rust to form on the steel I-beams. Our plan is to strip the asphalt off of the bridge over the next two years, put down a water proof membrane over the concrete deck and repave the deck. Our engineer believes that this will extend the useful life of the bridge by at least 15 years. We maintain a capital reserve account for the local share of bridge repair and replacement.
For a full report of all Town Equipment, please read the
Current Asset Inventory
Last Updated 8/12/2016
Six wheel dump truck & One ton plow truck
The Town bought a new Dodge 5500 dump truck to replace one of the smaller 1 ton style dump trucks. The new truck is a replacement for the 2005 GMC truck. The Dodge was selected because of the improved strength of the frame as compared with the GMC.
10 Wheel Dumptruck
The Highway Department was able to obtain several pieces of equipment through the CIP Program, Capital Reserves and Year End Surplus.
The largest expenditure was for a backhoe to replace the 2004 JCB backhoe. The backhoe is used extensively for culvert, water & sewer and construction work.
Also added was a "new to us" used bulldozer that was rebuilt by our mechanic. The bulldozer will save us at least $5,000 a year. Finally, we sold our old equipment trailer and bought a larger trailer than can carry the excavator we use. The trailer and backhoe were funded from the Capital Reserve we put aside each year. The bulldozer was purchased from unexpended highway funds at the end of 2012.
The following are pictures of the new Dodge 1 ton truck acquired from the CIP Capital Reserves in 2011. There are several new features on this truck:
- The front snow plow has a quick disconnect the lifts and attaches the plow for winter use.
- The wing plow that attaches on the passenger side of the truck has a quick disconnect that lifts the wing plow and attaches it to the side of the truck.
- The dump box sides fold down if needed to use the dump body as a platform for tanks or to carry oversize loads.
- All hydraulic controls including the attaching of plows are located in the cab.